Spinal Stenosis affects most people as they get older and can occur in any region of the neck, middle, or lower spine. Most of those who have the onset of spinal stenosis are not aware of the potential problem, however once spinal stenosis becomes symptomatic it becomes extremely difficult to alleviate pain or other symptoms.
The progression of spinal stenosis is the spinal canal becoming narrowed, compromising the micro-circulation to the spinal cord and nerves. This may cause many different symptoms such as back pain, sciatic nerve pain, numbness, weakness, problems balancing or walking, or a hunched over posture. In very severe cases a patient may experience muscle atrophy and then bowel and bladder malfunctions or loss of control.
Spinal stenosis may be caused by several different conditions such as arthritis of the spine, facet joint cysts, inflammatory scar tissue, degenerative disc disease, disc herniation, spine fractures, and certain deformities of the spinal column. Other contributors may include poor nutrition, lack of exercise, obesity, smoking, and medical conditions including osteoporosis, thyroid disorders, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.